This essay is an attempt at presenting a general account of the historical development of musicology and its present state. The earliest writings on music are found in two languages: Samskrta and Tamil. Samskrta was the language of the nobles and scholars in most of the regions of India, while Tamil was the language of the South, especially the south-eastern part known as Dravida country. Musicological writing in the traditional Samskrta sources. This set the pattern for the writings in the regional language that started coming up from around the 14th century.